Eugene of Savoy was born on October 18, 1663 in Paris. He was the fifth son of Prince Eugene Maurice of Savoy-Carignano, comte de Soissons, grandson to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and Olympia Mancini, niece to the powerful Cardinal Mazarin. There were rumors that his real father was Louis XIV, as Olympia had been one of his mistresses; but chronology makes this impossible. Eugene had an unstable childhood due to his father's death when he was ten and when his mother's banishment from France in the aftermath of the Poison affair when he was seventeen. Monument to Prince Eugen is located at the Heldenplatz in Vienna.
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